Final Examination: Things to Memorize

Chem 481, Spring 2004, Dr. Zimmerman

 

Note: Slide numbers (e.g., slide 1-4) refer to slides in course packet, with chapter and slide number (e.g., slide 1-4 means slide 4 of chapter 1).

 

Metabolic Pathways and Reactions:

  • glycolysis
  • pyruvate dehydrogenase
  • lactate dehydrogenase
  • citric acid cycle
  • β-oxidation of fatty acids
  • transamination
  • glutamate dehydrogenase
  • biosynthesis of Glu, Ala, Asp

 

Structures and Names

  • 20 amino acids, 3-letter codes, and approximate pK values
  • 5 nucleotides
  • fatty acids: none
  • glucose, fructose, maltose, sucrose, lactose, amylase, amylopectin, glycogen

 

Diagrams

  • free energy vs. reaction coordinate for general enzymatic reaction (slide 1-4)
  • Ramachandran plot with common structures (slide 6-15)
  • fraction saturation vs. pO2 for hemoglobin and myoglobin (slides 7-9, 12, 13)
  • Lineweaver-Burk plot (slides 8-23, 28-30)
  • base pairing (slide 10-16)
  • stages of metabolism (slide 14-5)
  • mitochondria (19-3)
  • ATP synthesis and chemiosmotic model (slide 19-21)
  • mechanism of ATP synthesis (slide 19-26)
  • origin of ring atoms in purines (slide 22-44)

 

Problem Solving, Equaations, and Calculations

  • Henderson-Hasselbalch equation
  • Standard ΔG, equilibrium, and ΔG equations
  • Standard ΔE, standard ΔG equations
  • Titration curves
  • pH, isoelectric point
  • Michaelis-Menton Kinetics
  • Lineweaver-Burke plot
  • Determination of DNA sequence
  • Determination of amino acid sequence